Something similar just happened to me!
I checked my email on my phone, and when I went back to the game, I was logged out. It required me to log in with Facebook or Mobage username and wouldn't work for any of the passwords it should have been.
Fortunately, I found the Mobage account creation email and reset my password, then it worked.
I definitely had a heart attack when it wouldn't let me log in. o.O